6 Most Common Mistakes of New Nurses    B.Sc Nursing 2nd Year Question Bank PDF Available

Sunday, April 11, 2021

RGUHS 3rd Year B.Sc Nursing Question Bank, Blueprint PDF 2021

RGUHS 3rd Year B.Sc Nursing Question Bank

RGUHS 3rd Year B.Sc Nursing Question Bank

RGUHS 3rd year B.Sc nursing question bank, blueprint contains -
1. Medical Surgical Nursing - 2 - QP Code : 1768
2. Child Health Nursing - QP Code : 1769
3. Mental Health Nursing - QP Code : 1770
4. Nursing Research and Statistics - QP Code : 1773


Medical Surgical Nursing - 2 Question Bank, Blueprint - QP Code : 1768

Medical Surgical Nursing - 2 Unit Wise Questions -

• Long Essays :
Unit 3 - Nursing management of patient with neurological disorders
Unit 5 - Nursing management of patients with burns, reconstructive and cosmetic surgery
Or,
Unit 6 - Nursing management of patients with oncological conditions
• Short Essays :
Unit 1 - ENT
Unit 2 - Eye
Unit 4 - Nursing management of patients with disorders of female reproductive system
Unit 8 - Nursing care of the elderly
Unit 9 - Critical care unit
• Short Answers :
Unit 1 - ENT
Unit 2 - Eye
Unit 3 - Nursing management of patient with neurological disorders
Unit 4 - Nursing management of patients with disorders of female reproductive system
Unit 5 - Nursing management of patients with burns, reconstructive and cosmetic surgery
Unit 6 - Nursing management of patients with oncological conditions
Unit 7 - Nursing management of patient in emergency and disaster situations
Unit 10 - Nursing management of patients adults including elderly with occupational and industrial disorders

Download Medical Surgical Nursing - 2 RGUHS Question Bank, Blueprint PDF -

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Child Health Nursing Question Bank, Blueprint - QP Code : 1769

Child Health Nursing Unit Wise Questions -

• Long Essays :
Unit 2 - The healthy child
Unit 5 - Nursing management in common childhood diseases
• Short Essays :
Unit 1 - Modern concepts of childcare
Unit 2 - The healthy child
Unit 3 - Nursing care of a neonate
Unit 4 - Integrated management of neonatal and childhood illness
Unit 5 - Nursing management in common childhood diseases
• Short Answers :
Unit 1 - Modern concepts of childcare
Unit 2 - The healthy child
Unit 3 - Nursing care of a neonate
Unit 5 - Nursing management in common childhood diseases
Unit 6 - Management of behavioural and social problems in children

Download Child Health Nursing RGUHS Question Bank, Blueprint PDF -

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Mental Health Nursing Question Bank, Blueprint - QP Code : 1770

Mental Health Nursing Unit Wise Questions -

• Long Essays :
Unit 4 & 5 - Therapeutic communication and treatment modalities
Unit 6, 7 & 12 - Schizophrenia, mood disorders and organic brain disorders
• Short Essays :
Unit 1 & 2 - General concept of psychiatric
Unit 4 & 5 - Therapeutic communication and treatment modalities
Unit 8 & 9 - Neurotic and substance use disorders
Unit 11
Unit 13
Unit 15
• Short Answers :
Unit 1 & 2 - General concept of psychiatric nursing
Unit 4 & 5 - Therapeutic communication and treatment modalities
Unit 6, 7 & 12 - Schizophrenia, mood disorders and organic brain disorders
Unit 8 & 9 - Neurotic and substance use disorders
Unit 10 - Nursing management of patient with personality, sexual and eating disorders
Unit 14 - Legal issues in mental health nursing

Download Mental Health Nursing RGUHS Question Bank, Blueprint PDF -

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Nursing Research and Statistics Question Bank, Blueprint - QP Code : 1773

Nursing Research and Statistics Unit Wise Questions -

• Long Essays :
Unit 4 - Research approaches and design
Unit 5 - Sampling and data collection
• Short Essays :
Unit 1 - Research and research process
Unit 2 - Research problem
Unit 3 - Review of literature
Unit 6 - Analysis of data
Unit 7 - Introduction to statistics
Unit 8 - Communication and utilization of research
• Short Answers :
Unit 1 - Research and research process
Unit 5 - Sampling and data collection
Unit 6 - Analysis of data
Unit 7 - Introduction to statistics
Unit 8 - Communication and utilization of research

Download Nursing Research and Statistics RGUHS Question Bank, Blueprint PDF -

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RGUHS 1st Year B.Sc Nursing Question Bank, Blueprint

RGUHS 2nd Year B.Sc Nursing Question Bank, Blueprint

RGUHS 3rd Year B.Sc Nursing Question Bank, Blueprint


Wednesday, April 07, 2021

Bed Making Procedure: Definition, Principles, Types of Bed Making

Bed making, types of bed making
Image Source - Pixabay


Bed making is an essential procedure in nursing in which nurses prepare and arrange different types of bed for the client's comfort in the hospital or other health care institutions. Bed making procedure ensures the patent's comfort according to the situations. It may vary on the client's conditions, purposes and procedures such as open bed, closed bed, occupied bed, cardiac bed, fracture bed, blanket bed etc.


Nurses have a major role in bed making procedure in hospital. So, a nurse should learn and follow the proper and standard techniques of bed making procedure.


Bed Making Procedure


Definition of bed making -

Bed making is a technique in which different types of beds are preparing to make a client or patient comfortable according to the situations and procedures.


Purposes of bed making -

1. To provide a safe and comfortable bed to the clients or patients.
2. To organize a specific ward.
3. To be prepared for any critical or emergency condition.
4. To prevent bedsores.
5. To promote neat appearance and cleanliness.
6. To teach the relatives to take care of the sick at home.


Principles of bed making at nursing -


1. Micro-organisms are present everywhere on the used articles, skin, clothing and environment. Prevent the spreading of micro-organisms from the contaminated source to the new host by taking precautions and preventing the multiplication of the micro-organisms.


Action -


• The nurse should wash her/his hands before and after the bed making procedure to prevent cross-infection.
• Bed linen and clothes must be changed frequently to ensure cleanliness.
• Do not drop the removed bed linen on the floor.
• Gently shake the linen to remove dust. Do not flap the bed clothing because it transfers dust and bacteria easily.
• Linen should be folded and held away from the nurses to prevent direct contact with dust and micro-organisms.
• Daily cleaning and dusting of beds and units will keep them free from dust and micro-organisms. Soap, water, air and sunshine will help them to be clean.
• Damp dusting is recommended because dry dusting raises dust.
• Nurse should maintain a necessary distance from patients to prevent droplet infection.
• Clean the less contaminated area first and then the clean high contaminated area to minimize the spreading of micro-organisms to the clean area.
• Linens should be disinfected before sending them to the laundry.
• Nurses who having respiratory infection should not attend to the clients.


2. A protected and comfortable bed will provide rest, sleep and avoid many complications of bedridden clients e.g. bedsore, foot drop etc.


Action -


• Nurse should make a smooth and unwrinkled bed because a wrinkled bed exerts pressure on bony prominence and lumps. The wrinkles cause bedsore due to friction between skin and wrinkled sheets.
• Pull the bottom sheet tightly to avoid wrinkles.
• Tuck the linen far enough and tightly to keep it fixed.
• Smooth the mattress, if there is a collection of cotton in one place before making a bed.
• Do not keep any wet linen on the bed.
• Daily dusting should be done to remove any peeling or seeds that are adhered to the bed linen of a bedridden client.
• A bed should have enough space to move from side to side. The movements prevent bedsore, stimulate blood circulation and maintain muscle tone.
• Use comfort devices to provide additional comfort to the client.


3. Good body mechanisms maintain body alignment and prevents fatigue.


Action -


• The stability of the body is assured by keeping the centre of gravity over its base. In the standing position, the nurse can have a wide base by separating his/her feet.
• The nearer to the centre of gravity a weight is held, the less is the strain produced. E.g. it is more suitable to place the linen on the edge of the bed instead of holding it above the shoulder level.
• Flex the knees and hips when tucking the sheet under the mattress. This position shifts the work to the long and strong muscle of the thigh and keeps the back in good alignment.
• When placing and tucking the linen, face the direction of the work and move with the work rather than twisting the body and overreaching.


4. Planned and organised ways of working saves energy, time and equipment.


Action -


• Collect and arrange all the articles before starting the bed making procedure.
• At the first finish on one side of the bed making and then go to the opposite side.
• Remove the bed linen one by one holding the open end towards the floor when stripping the bed so that the client's possessions and the hospital articles are not sent to the laundry.
• The bed sheets are folded in such a way that they can be replaced easily.


General instructions for bed making in hospital -

Wash hands properly before and after the procedure.
• Do not expose the client unnecessarily.
• Do not keep clean linen with soiled linen.
• Do not place the woollen blanket directly to the client's body without the bath blanket.
• Always ensure that the client should not lie down on the Macintosh without lining.
• Shake the linen gently.
• Maintain a distance so that the linen should not touch your body or uniform.
• Always maintain good body mechanics so as prevent extra workload.
• Make the bed comfortable, smooth and unwrinkled.
• To prevent the cross-infection maintain reasonable distance with the patient.


Bed making procedure -


Preparation of the articles for bed making procedure -

1. Cot
2. Mattress and pillow
3. Chair or stool
4. Bedside table
5. Mackintosh
6. Blanket
7. Mattress cover
8. Top sheet and bottom sheet
9. Draw sheet
10. Pillowcase
11. Counterpane
12. Laundry bag
13. Dusters


Steps of bed making procedure -

1. Wash hands.
2. Remove the pillow and place it on the chair.
3. Remove the top linen.
4. Fold the draw sheet. Bring the opposite end to the middle of the bed and fold them into three. Place it over the chair.
5. Roll the mackintosh and place it on the chair.
6. Remove the bottom sheet and soiled mattress cover.
7. Dust the mattress with a dry duster.
8. Place the bottom sheet on the mattress and tuck it securely at the top on the near side.
9. Make a mitred corner and tuck at the foot end. Tuck the sheet along the sides.
10. Place the mackintosh nearly 37 cm from the head and tuck it along the sides.
11. Place the top sheet.
12. Place the blanket over the top sheet 15 to 20 cm below from the top of the mattress.
13. Put the pillowcase on the pillow and place the pillow at the head end.


Types of bed making -

1. Closed bed
2. Open bed
3. Admission bed
4. Occupied bed
5. Operation bed or post-anaesthetic bed or recovery bed
6. Cardiac bed
7. Fracture bed
8. Amputation bed or stump bed or divided bed
9. Blanket bed


Closed bed -

The closed bed is an empty bed, which is covered with the top linen so that all linen beneath the linen is fully protected from dust and dirt while waiting for the patient admission.


The closed bed is uncovered when the client is admitted.


Open bed -

The term open bed is used to describe the hospital bed when it is about to be occupied by a client. It is made either for a new client or an ambulatory client.


Admission bed -

The admission bed is made as an open bed. The client gets into the bed after a bath and changing into a hospital dress if it is a custom in the hospital.


Occupied bed -

This is to make a bed with the client in. This is made for a client who cannot get out of bed. The preparation and the aftercare of the client will be the same as in an open bed.


Operation bed or post-anaesthetic bed or recovery bed -

It is prepared for a client who is recovering from the effects of anaesthesia following a surgical operation.


Cardiac bed -

A cardiac bed is used to help the client to assume a sitting position that can afford him the greatest amount of comfort with the least strain. The main purpose of the cardiac bed is to relieve dyspnoea caused by cardiac disease.


Fracture bed -

It uses for a client with a fracture of the trunk or extremities to provide firm support by the use of a firm mattress that rests on a fracture board or bed board.


Amputation bed or stump bed or divided bed -

An amputation bed is used after the amputation of the leg to take the weight of the bedclothes off the site of the operation.


Blanket bed -

The blanket bed is made for a client who is suffering from the renal disease to promote elimination through the skin.



Saturday, February 27, 2021

RGUHS 2nd Year B.Sc Nursing Question Bank, Blueprint PDF 2021

RGUHS 2nd Year Question Bank, Blueprint

RGUHS 2nd Year B.Sc Nursing Question Bank

RGUHS 2nd year question bank, blueprint includes - 
1. Sociology - QP Code : 1760
2. Medical Surgical Nursing - 1 - QP Code : 1761
3. Pharmacology, Pathology and Genetics - QP Code : 1762 & 1763
4. Community Health Nursing - 1 - QP Code : 1764
5. Communication and Educational Technology - QP Code : 1765

Sociology Question Bank, Blueprint - QP Code : 1760

Sociology Unit Wise Questions -

Long Essays :
   Unit 6 - Family and marriage
   Unit 12 - Social problems
Short Essays :
   Unit 1 - Introductions
   Unit 4 - Social groups and social processes
   Unit 5 - Population
   Unit 7 - Social stratification
   Unit 8 - Types of communities in India
   Unit 9 - Social change
Short Answers :
   Unit 2 - Individual and society
   Unit 3 - Culture
   Unit 4 - Social groups and social processes
   Unit 7 - Social stratification
   Unit 8 - Types of communities in India
   Unit 10 - Social system
   Unit 11 - Social control
   Unit 12 - Social problems

Sociology Marks Distribution for RGUHS exam -

   Long Essays (10 marks each) × 2 = 20 marks
   Short Essays (5 marks each) × 7 = 35 marks
   Short Answers (2 marks each) × 10 = 20 marks

Download Sociology Question Bank, Blueprint -


Medical Surgical Nursing - 1 Question Bank, Blueprint - QP Code : 1760

Medical Surgical Nursing - 1 Unit Wise Questions -

• Long Essays :
• Short Essays :
• Short Answers:

Medical Surgical Nursing - 1 Marks Distribution for RGUHS exam -

   Long Essays (10 marks each) × 2 = 20 marks
   Short Essays (5 marks each) × 7 = 35 marks
   Short Answers (2 marks each) × 10 = 20 marks

Download Medical Surgical Nursing - 1 Question Bank, Blueprint -

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Source - Mr/Ms/Mrs. ________, Institution name. (Waiting)

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Pharmacology, Pathology and Genetics Question Bank, Blueprint - QP Code : 1762 & 1763

Pharmacology Unit Wise Questions -

Long Essays :
   Unit 9
Short Essays :
   Unit 2, Unit 10, Unit 11, Unit 12.
Short Answers :
   Unit 1, Unit 3, Unit 4, Unit 5, Unit 6, Unit 7, Unit 8.

Download Pharmacology Question Bank, Blueprint -


Pathology Unit Wise Questions -

• Long Essays :
   Unit 2 - Special pathology
• Short Essays :
   Unit 1 - Introductions
   Unit 2 - Special pathology
   Unit 3 - Clinical pathology
   Unit 4 - Examination of body cavity fluids, transudates and exudates
   Unit 5 - Urine and faeces
• Short Answers:
   Unit 3 - Clinical pathology

Download Pathology Question Bank, Blueprint -


Genetics Unit Wise Questions -

• Long Essays : Nil
• Short Essays : Nil
• Short Answers:
   Unit 1 - Introductions
   Unit 2 - Maternal, prenatal and genetics on development of defects and disease
   Unit 3 - Genetic testing and screening
   Unit 4 - Genetic conditions of adolescents and adults
   Unit 5 - Services related to genetics

Download Genetics Question Bank, Blueprint -


Pharmacology, Pathology and Genetics Marks Distribution for RGUHS exam -

   Long Essays (10 marks each) × 2 = 20 marks
   Short Essays (5 marks each) × 7 = 35 marks
   Short Answers (2 marks each) × 10 = 20 marks

Community Health Nursing - 1 Question Bank, Blueprint - QP Code : 1764


Medical Surgical Nursing - 1 Unit Wise Questions

• Long Essays -
   Unit 2, Unit 4, 
• Short Essays -
   Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit 3, Unit 4, Unit 5, Unit 6, Unit 7.
• Short Answers -
   Unit 1, Unit 2, Unit 3, Unit 4, Unit 5, Unit 6, Unit 7.

Community Health Nursing - 1 Marks Distribution for RGUHS exam -


   Long Essays (10 marks each) × 2 = 20 marks.
   Short Essays (5 marks each) × 7 = 35 marks.
   Short Answers (2 marks each) × 10 = 20 marks.

Download Community Health Nursing - 1 Question Bank, Blueprint -



Communication and Educational Technology Question Bank, Blueprint - QP Code : 1765


Communication and Educational Technology Unit Wise Questions -


Long Essays :
   Unit 6 - Methods of teaching
   Unit 7 - Educational media
Short Essays :
   Unit 3 - Human relations
   Unit 4 - Guidance and counselling
   Unit 6 - Methods of teaching
   Unit 7 - Educational media
   Unit 8 - Assessment
Short Answers :
   Unit 1 - Communication
   Unit 2 - Interpersonal relationship
   Unit 4 - Guidance and counselling
   Unit 5 - Education and teaching learning process
   Unit 6 - Methods of teaching
   Unit 9 - IEC

Communication and Educational Technology Marks Distribution for RGUHS exam -


   Long Essays (10 marks each) × 2 = 20 marks.
   Short Essays (5 marks each) × 7 = 35 marks.
   Short Answers (2 marks each) × 10 = 20 marks.

Download Communication and Educational Technology Question Bank, Blueprint -




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RGUHS 1st Year B.Sc Nursing Question Bank, Blueprint


RGUHS 3rd Year B.Sc Nursing Question Bank, Blueprint


RGUHS 4th Year B.Sc Nursing Question Bank, Blueprint


Thursday, November 26, 2020

Staff Nurse Vacancy 2020-2021 | Apollo Home HealthCare Limited

Staff Nurse Vacancy 2020-2021

Staff Nurse Recruitment 2020-2021, Vacancy 150, Salary ₹15000-30000/month  

Apollo Home Healthcare Limited needs GNM and B.Sc nursing staff nurses in 2020-2021 season. The total vacancy is 150. Nature of job - full-time staff nurse.

This full-time job is posted in the National Career Service website (Government of India) and job id : 15Q62-1603020534380J
Please check your eligibility for this full-time job and start to apply.

 Job Details :

Job Title Home Care Nurse
Company Name Apollo Home HealthCare Limited
Organisation Type Company
Sector Health
Functional Area Health Care
Functional Role Nurse
Number of Openings 150
Salary (₹) 15000-30000/month

 Required Qualifications :

Minimum Qualification 12th Pass
Key Skills GNM Nursing, B.Sc Nursing
Total Experience 1 - 6 Years

 Additional Information :

Job Location Kolkata, West Bengal
Nature of Job Full Time
Salary (₹) 15000-30000
Salary Type Monthly
Last Date to Apply 05/01/2021
Gender Preferences Any
Ex-Servicemen Preferred No
Number of Openings 150

 Job Description :

• To maintain nursing profession standards of expertness along with recent and best nursing practices.
• To ensure that the cares for the each patient are according to the care plan.
• To ensure that the cares are performed for the all patients are According to the company clinical policies and procedures.
• To ensure and promote the patient's safety, privacy,  confidentiality and dignity at all the times.
• To ensure that all the informations and treatments for the patient's are recorded correctly during the care was delivered.
• To ensure professional manner and communication with referring clinician.
• To maintain professional cooperation with other health care personnels.
• To participate in any quality assurance program.

Please wait 15 seconds to Apply.

Note - Please check last date of application and all the job details once again from the respective official website.

 Share Now with your friends and colleagues before it expires.

Sunday, October 11, 2020

How to Support Mental Health at Workplace for Nurses

How to support Mental Health at Workplace for Nurses,
Image Source - Pixabay  
Nowadays, we are more conscious of our health. We know the methods and habits to improve our physical health in daily life such as exercise, meditation, healthy diet, avoiding smoking and alcohol etc.


But even though we are improving our physical health, we still not conscious of our mental health. Mental health is an important part of our healthy lifestyle. We cannot skip it because we are not completely healthy if we have mental health problems.


Your mental health can be depended upon your lifestyle, career, workplace, relationship, society, genetic factors and so on. Whatever the situation we are facing, we have to improve our mental health.


During our busy life, workplace and daily job routine make us more irritate and depressed. But we cannot stop our job, instead, we can improve our mental health. By improving mental health we will feel more peaceful, comfortable, energetic and healthy.


So, in this article, we will focus on mental health problems related questions and


How to Support Mental Health at Workplace for Nurses



What are the characteristics of mental health problems?


In our daily life, sometimes we experience stress, fear and upset. Most of the time these feelings do not exist for prolong time but sometimes it develops further and turns into mental health problems. 


The common characteristics of mental health problems are -


   • depression

   • aggressiveness

   • lack of interest

   • feelings of hopelessness

   • irritability

   • lack of concentration

   • thought of decreased self-worth

   • drug abuse

   • doing high-risk activities

   • thought of suicide.


# Suggested for you - Clinical manifestations of major depression disorder.



How to identify an individual with mental health problems?


An individual with mental health problems has some changes which are different from a healthy individual. The changes can be because of a stressful life.


A nurse experiences a lot of stress throughout his/her prolong duty time. They provide continuous health care and support to the patients, manage patient's records and deal with administrative. These lot of stressful duties make the nurses irritate, depressed, tired and sad.


The regular stressful situations can develop into mental health problems. During this period, the individual shows some abnormal changes in his/her behaviour, speech and lifestyle. We can identify an individual with mental health problems by observing the changes very carefully.


Some common changes in mentally ill individuals are -


   • Feelings of hopelessness and decreased self-worth.

   • Feelings of sad, guilty and excessive fears.

   • Reduced concentration ability and confused thinking.

   • Avoiding communication from friends and social isolation.

   • Disturbed sleeping pattern, tiredness and anxiety.

   • Unable to cope with stress and daily problems.

   • Major changes in diet pattern.

   • Thoughts of violence, excessive anger and drug abuse.

   • Thoughts of suicide.



Why mental health is important in the workplace?


Workplace stress is common for health care staffs and even for all types of employees. In such a condition, we cannot skip our workplace or job but we can improve our mental health.


Most of the workplaces or organizations have enough arrangements but they don't think about employees' health. In few organizations have physical health service facilities for the employees. But only the wellness of physical health is not enough. We must focus on mental health.


The success of an organization builds upon the quality services and hard works of the employees. So, employees' health and wellness are important factors for an organization's development.


If an employee is stressed or depressed, it affects the employee's skills and knowledge. Because of their disturbed mental status, they cannot utilize their skills and knowledge for the organization's development. So, mental health has an important role in the organization's growth and development.


Apart from the organization, workplace stress disturbs an employee's personal life and behaviour. Due to regular stress and workload, they become depressed and mentally ill. So, the organization should have a facility for mental health wellness.



How to improve your mental health?


We can protect ourselves from workplaces stress by improving our mental health. We should know some self-care habits and practices to support mental health.


Here are 5 effective ways for you to improve your mental health at the workplace.



1. Express your feelings -


Expressing your feelings can help you to deal with upset feeling and improve your mental health status. It is an effective way to support mental health.


At our workplace, we are facing a lot of stressful works and situations. Sometimes we feel upset, lack of interest, irritation, loneliness. On that situation, we should express our feelings to our colleagues, friends, family and loved one.


Take a break between your works and spend some times to relax. 


Expression of your feelings to others will help to reduce stress, provide encouragement and energy.



2. Do exercise and physical activity -


Daily and regular exercise can boost your physical strength along with physiological functions. It will help you to relax your mind, concentrate on works, increase interest and adequate sleep.


You should make a habit of doing exercise regularly for at least 30 minutes. Practice yoga and meditation to relax your mind.


Along with your exercise, do some physical activity which you like. Exercise and physical activity will increase oxygen saturation level and blood circulation to your brain.



3. Sleep adequately -


Sleeping has an important role in your mental health. It helps to relax your brain and mind.


According to mayoclinic, the recommended sleeping time for an adult is 7 to 9 hours. If you want to irritate free, sleep adequately daily.


The healthy sleeping pattern helpful to improve your mental health. Lack of sleeping can make you irritated, stressed, anxious and aggressive.



4. Have healthy meals -


Most of the people don't bother about their meals. But eating habit can affect your physical and mental health.


Try to have healthy meals such as vegetables, fruits, seafood etc. Along with this, you must drink enough water to stay hydrated.


It is not easy to maintain a healthy diet pattern at work but set a time for your meal. If you are not getting healthy food at work, try to bring foods from home.


Try to avoid caffeine when you are feeling stressed. Instead of caffeine drink water, fruit juice or fresh fruits.



5. Take a break -


Continuous works can make you tired, irritated and stressed. So take a break of 5 or 10 minutes between works.


During your break time listen to music, communicate with friends or family, do whatever you like or take a snack break.


Taking a short break can relax your mind and boost your interest.