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Tuesday, September 14, 2021

Staff Nurse Exam Questions and Answers

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Staff Nurse Exam Questions and Answers

Staff nurse exam questions and answers are available now with rationale. It will help you to prepare for various nursing exam such as AIIMS examination, Indian Army nursing examination, government nursing exam and other nursing job competitive exam.
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Staff Nurse Exam Questions and Answers on Fundamental of Nursing

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Staff Nurse Exam Questions and Answers on Anatomy and Physiology

Staff Nurse Exam Questions and Answers on Medical Surgical Nursing

Friday, August 20, 2021

Determinants of Health PPT - Nursing Notes PPT for Download

Determinants of Health PPT - Nursing Notes

Determinants of health include some factors which determine the health status of a population. Download this nursing notes ppt free of cost and also available in pdf format.

Determinants of Health PPT, Nursing Notes Includes -

• Introduction
• Definition of health
• Definition of health promotion
• Determinants of health
• Biological determinants
• Environmental determinants
• Behavioural determinants
• Socioeconomic determinants
• Health services
• Aging of the population
• Gender
• Other determinants
• Deforestation and control
• Air pollution, types and control
• Water pollution and control measures
• Housing standards
• Conclusion

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Introduction of Determinants of Health -

Health is determined by multiple factors such as biological, environmental, behavioural etc. These factors are directly or indirectly determine our health status. So, we can improve our health status by managing and considering the health determinants.

Determinants of Health PPT for Download -

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Non Communicable Diseases PPT

Health Care Delivery System in India PPT

Monday, August 09, 2021

Departments in a Hospital - Lists and Full Explanations

Departments in a hospital, hospital administration, technical departments, Nursing Department, clinical departments

Departments in a Hospital

Hospital is an integration of several departments such as clinical departments, nursing departments, supportive departments, technical departments and administrative departments. Each department has different purposes and requirements in a hospital. The list of different departments in a hospital are as follows -

1. List of Clinical Departments in a Hospital

• Casualty department
• Operating theatre (OT)
• Intensive care unit (ICU)
• Anesthesiology department
• Cardiology department
• ENT department
• Geriatric department
• Gastroenterology department
• General surgery
• Gynaecology department
• Haematology department
• Pediatrics department
• Neurology department
• Oncology department
• Opthalmology department
• Orthopaedic department
• Urology department
• Psychiatry department
• Inpatient Department (IPD)
• Outpatient Department (OPD)

2. Nursing Department in a Hospital

3. List of Supportive Departments in a Hospital

• Pharmacy department 
• Radiology department 
• Clinical pathology department
• Nutrition and dietetics
• Catering and food services
• Central sterilization unit
• Housekeeping

4. List of Technical Departments in a Hospital

• Clinical engineering department 
• Information technology and communication
• Engineering Services

5. List of Administrative Departments in a Hospital

• Medical records department 
• Human resources department 
• Finance department 
• Administrative department 

List of departments in a hospital, clinical departments, nursing department, technical department, administrative departments

Clinical Departments in a Hospital

Casualty Department -

• The casualty department is also known as the emergency department which deals with emergency conditions or provides immediate treatment.
• In this department, patients are assessed carefully and provided immediate treatment and care before sending for further treatment in a specialised development.
• This department is equipped to handle all kinds of emergencies and provides service 24/7 in the hospital.

Operating Theatre (OT) -

• Operating theatre is also known as operating room or operating suite or operation suite.
• OT deals with surgical operations where surgeons perform surgery in an aseptic environment.
• OT rooms have well lighting, controlled humidity and temperature.
• Operating rooms are generally supported by an anaesthetic room, preparation room, scrub room and dirty utility room.

Intensive Care Unit (ICU) -

• Intensive care unit is also known as critical care unit (CCU), intensive treatment unit (ITU) or intensive therapy unit.
• Intensive care unit deals with life-threatening or severe injuries and illnesses that require close monitoring from life support devices, constant care.
• In ICU, patients are monitored and staffed by highly trained physicians, nurses and respiratory therapists.
• Common equipment in an intensive care unit includes a mechanical ventilator, cardiac monitor, defibrillator, high flow nasal cannula, endotracheal tube, arterial line, infusion pumps, central line, nasogastric tube, nasogastric feed pump, urinary catheter.

Anesthesiology Department -

• In this department, doctors administer anaesthesia to the patients before various procedures and surgeries.
• The different types of anaesthesia provided are - general anaesthesia, nerve plexus blocks, central neuraxial anaesthesia, IV sedation, monitored anaesthesia care.

Cardiology Department -

• Cardiology department deals with the human heart and circulation problems.
• It provides services on an inpatient and outpatient basis.
• In this department, a cardiologist prescribes some tests and some procedures are performed such as angioplasty, inserting a pacemaker, atherectomy, heart catheterization, stent implantation etc.
• Cardiology department contains equipment are ECG machine, ventilator, bedside monitor, syringe pump, defibrillator.

ENT Department -

• ENT department deals with investigation and treatment of ear, nose and throat disorders.
• ENT department deals with various disorders such as:
   - General ear, nose and throat diseases
   - Cancers of the neck and head region
   - Neck lumps
   - ENT allergy problems
   - Balance and hearing disorders
   - Salivary gland diseases
   - Voice disorders
   - Surgical procedures of ENT

Geriatric Department -

• Geriatric department deals with elderly people, their illness and treatment by specialized health personnel.
• The aim of a geriatric department is to maintain the physical and mental well-being of older people.
• This department deal with various significant diseases such as:
   - Dementia
   - Arthritis
   - Osteoporosis
   - Heart dies
   - High blood pressure
   - High cholesterol 
   - Syncope
   - Diabetes
• This department also provides some special community services such as home visits, palliative care, mobile therapy unit etc.

Gastroenterology Department -

• This department deals with digestive system diseases and their management.
• In this department, gastroenterologists investigate, diagnose, treat and prevent all kinds of gastrointestinal problems such as peptic ulcer, gastritis, gallstones, indigestion, faecal incontinence, Hirschsprung disease etc. and perform various surgical procedures.
• Some special instruments are used in this department such as gastroscope, duodenoscope, enteroscope, colonoscope, video capsule, rigid sigmoidoscope etc.

General Surgery -

• In this department perform various surgical procedures.
• Some of the common surgical procedures performed are thyroid surgery, colon surgery, gall bladder surgery, breast surgery etc.

Gynaecology Department -

• Gynaecology department deals with investigation, treatment and prevention of female reproductive system and urinary tract problems.
• Some of the common problems which are investigated and treated are infertility, incontinence, endometritis etc.

Haematology Department -

• Haematology department deals with investigation, treatment and prevention of blood diseases. 
• This department closely work with the hospital laboratory.

Paediatrics Department -

• The paediatrics department deals with infants, children and adolescents.
• This department deals with some significant diseases such as infectious diseases, congenital diseases, mental disorders and childhood cancer.
• In this department health care personnel are specialized and also procedures and practices are different based on the child's age group.

Neurology Department -

• Neurology department deals with the investigation, treatment and prevention of the human nervous system.

Oncology Department -

• Oncology department deals with the investigation and treatment of cancers.
• In this department, cancer patients are treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy and surgery.
• Doctors and nurses of this department need to be highly qualified and experienced.

Ophthalmology Department -

• This department deals with eye problems and treatment.
• Common equipments used in this department are ophthalmoscope, tonometer, slit lamp, phoropter, Snellen chart.

Orthopaedic Department -

• This department deals with problems and treatments of the musculoskeletal system.
• Services include bone setting, repair of damaged bone, ligaments, tendons and replacements of bones.
• This department provides both inpatient and outpatient services.
• Outpatient services include fracture treatment, dislocated joints, musculoskeletal injuries.

Urology Department -

• This department is generally a surgical department that deals with diseases of the female urinary tract, male urinary tract and male reproductive organs.
• Urologist diagnoses and treats problems of the female urinary system and male genitourinary system.

Psychiatry Department -

• This department deals with diagnosis, treatment and prevention of mental illness and disorders.
• Some of the services include:
   - Investigation, diagnosis and treatment of psychiatric illness
   - Providing psychological counselling
   - De-addiction services
   - Conducting IQ tests.

Inpatient Department (IPD) -

• This department admits patients in the hospital at least overnight for treatment purposes.
• In this department, patients are monitored by the doctors and nurses in a hospital setting and check patients conditions as frequently as per the hospital protocol.
• Patients may stay in this department for a long duration and it depends on the severity of the patient's illness.

Outpatient Department (OPD) -

• In this department patients visit the hospital for a consultation, diagnosis and treatment but don't get admission.
• Outpatient department provides services at a particular time of the day.
• Here patients get medical services from a specific department based on their problem and the doctor provide a prescription of medicine.

Nursing Department in a Hospital

• Nursing department is an important organizational structure of a hospital that provides nursing services to the clients.
• This department has two major services that are nursing education and nursing care service.
• Nursing department includes lots of duties such as:
   - Patient care
   - Management 
   - Education
   - Ward planning and staffing 
   - Maintenance of supplies
   - Registration and records
   - Monitoring and evaluation
   - Ward administration
• Nursing personnel includes:
   - Nursing superintendent
   - Assistant nursing superintendent
   - Head nurse
   - Staff nurses

Supportive Departments in a Hospital

Pharmacy Department -

• Pharmacy in a hospital is a dispensary that prepares, compounds, stores and dispense medications, especially for inpatient clients.
• Generally hospital pharmacy stocks a large number of medications.
• Pharmacy must be monitored and controlled by registered pharmacists.

Radiology Department -

• Radiology department provides medical imaging services to diagnose and treat diseases within the body.
• This department consists of X-rays, ultrasound, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), fluoroscopy.
• In the radiology department staff may get affected by the radiation so, radiology staff must be protected from radiation hazards.

Clinical Pathology Department -

• Clinical pathology is also known as a medical laboratory.
• It is a medical speciality that deals with the diagnosis of diseases with the help of laboratory analysis of body fluids.
• Common tools used in this department are the microscope, strips, analyzers and centrifuges.

Nutrition and Dietetics -

• This department provides professional advice on diet for the inpatients as well as outpatients.
• This department collaborates with certain departments that require patients to be put on a diet such as diabetes, kidney diseases, elderly care, gastroenterology, surgery and critical care.
• This department suggests a dietary plan followed by the hospital canteen facilities.

Catering and Food Services -

• This department provides balanced meals to inpatient clients, their families and hospital staffs according to the advice of the nutrition department.

Central Sterilization Unit -

• This department is responsible to keep clean and sterile all the used instruments of the hospital to prevent infection from spreading.

Housekeeping -

• Housekeeping department is responsible to keep all the hospital neat and clean.
• Services include cleaning all rooms, disposing of waste and laundry.

Technical Departments in a Hospital

Clinical Engineering Department -

• Clinical engineering department is responsible for the advanced care in a hospital through active support, direction and application of medical equipments.
• Clinical engineers inspect and maintain the performance of medical equipments that prevents hazards and optimize the accuracy of results.

Information Technology and Communication -

• This department deals with computers to store and track the patient's records and other medical data of a hospital.
• This department is responsible for technical support and keep the system updated.
• This department also provides online services for clients.

Engineering Services -

• Engineering services deal with electricity supply, water supply, piped medical gases, clinical vacuum system, air conditioning, lifts, lighting etc of a hospital.
• It ensures the optimum efficiency of engineering systems.
• It prevents hazards and breakdowns of hospital engineering systems.

Administrative Department in a Hospital

Medical Records Department -

• This department deals with medical data recording and maintain all inpatients and outpatients client's files.
• Data from this department helps the hospital to get statistics that improve hospital service growth.

Human Resources Department -

• This department deals with recruiting employees in various positions of the hospital.
• This department also creates policies and regulations for the employees.
• This department is actively responsible for the hospital growth and optimum services.

Finance Department -

• This department is responsible for the financial growth of a hospital.
• It set up budgets, plans and arrange financial resources to maintain the smooth running of a hospital.
• This department is also responsible for the purchasing of medical supplies, staffs wage and other financial aspects.

Administrative Department -

• Administrative department deals with the overall management of a hospital.
• It set up protocol and procedures for all departments of a hospital.
• This department is responsible for the hospital growth and development. An ideal administrative department can run a hospital smoothly with huge financial benefits.

Wednesday, July 07, 2021

Nursing Telegram Group Link & Channel

Nursing Telegram Group Link, Staff Nurse Telegram Channel, oet & nclex Telegram Channel

Nursing Telegram Group Link

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Saturday, July 03, 2021

Medical Surgical Nursing Questions And Answers With Rationale

Medical Surgical Nursing Questions and Answers With Rationale, Nursing mock test, Nursing exam MCQ

Medical Surgical Nursing Questions And Answers With Rationale

Medical Surgical Nursing MCQs with explanatory answers for a nursing exam. In this post medical surgical nursing important questions are available. Multiple choice questions and answers for med surg nursing exam 1 and NCLEX.
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MCQs in Medical Surgical Nursing with Explanatory Answers

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Medical Surgical Nursing Questions And Answers With Rationale pdf

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4. Answer all the MCQ questions one by one.
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6. Get your test score out of 10.
7. Read all the explanations of each question carefully.
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Medical Surgical Nursing Previous Question Paper

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Anatomy and Physiology Nursing Exam Questions and Answers

Fundamental of Nursing Questions and Answers PDF

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